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Software Solutions to Problems on Heat Transfer

Convection – Part I: Forced convection

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Language:  English
In this book, we shall study about Forced convection heat transfer.
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In this book, we shall study about Forced convection heat transfer.

When the flow of fluid is caused by an external agency such as a fan or pump or due to atmospheric disturbances, the resulting heat transfer is known as ‘Forced convection heat transfer’.

Exact mathematical solutions, even for simple convection heat transfer cases, are rather complicated and it is common practice to resort to empirical relations for solutions of problems involving convection heat transfer.

Here, we shall first solve problems on velocity and thermal boundary layers.

Next, since our emphasis will be on practical solutions with the use of empirical relations, we present several empirical relations to determine heat transfer and friction coefficients for flow over different geometries such as a flat plate, cylinder, tube bundles and sphere for flow under laminar and turbulent conditions.

Finally, flow inside tubes will be considered and determination of heat transfer coefficient by analogy with the mechanism of fluid flow will be explained.

As done in other books in this series, viz. “Software Solutions to Problems on Heat Transfer”, problems are solved with Mathcad, Engineering Equation Solver (EES) and EXCEL. Much emphasis is given on the use of these software to conduct parametric analysis and present graphical representation of results.

  1. Chapter 2 Convection
    1. Forced Convection
    2. Equation Summary: [Ref: 1]
    3. Boundary layer fundamentals, Flow over flat plates, Momentum – heat transfer analogy etc.
    4. Flow across cylinders and spheres
    5. Flow across Tube banks
    6. Flow inside tubes and ducts
  2. References
This book is very good for all UG, PG and Ph. D. students. The solutions for the various problems are excellent. The Mathcad software is used very efficiently and intelligently for solving the problems.. I am using this book for my research work sponsored by ASHRAE.
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About the Author

Dr. M. Thirumaleshwar

Dr. M. Thirumaleshwar graduated in Mechanical Engineering from Karnataka Regional Engineering College, Surathkal, Karnataka, India, in the year 1965. He obtained M.Sc (cryogenis) from University of Southampton, U.K. and Ph.D. (cryogenics) from Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.

He is a Fellow of Institution of Engineers (India), Life Member, Indian Society for Technical Education, and a Foundation Fellow of Indian Cryogenics Council.

He has worked in India and abroad on large projects in the areas involving heat transfer, fluid flow, vacuum system design, cryo-pumping etc.

He worked as Head of Cryogenics Dept. in Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Bombay and Centre for Advanced Technology (CAT), Indore, from 1966 to 1992.

He worked as Guest Collaborator with Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory of Universities Research Association, in Dallas, USA from 1990 to 1993.

He also worked at the Institute of Cryogenics, Southampton, U.K. as a Visiting Research Fellow from 1993 to 1994.

He was Head of the Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Fr. Conceicao Rodrigues Institute of Technology, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, India for eight years.

He also worked as Head of Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Civil Engineering, and then as Principal, Vivekananda College of Engineering and Technology, Puttur (D.K.), India.

He was Professor and coordinator of Post-graduate program in the Dept. of Mechanical Engineering in St. Joseph Engineering College, Vamanjoor, Mangalore, India.

A book entitled “Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer” authored by him and published by M/s Pearson Education, India (2006) has been adopted as a Text book for third year engineering students by the Visweswaraya Technological University (V.T.U.), Belgaum, India.

He has authored a free e-book entitled “Software Solutions to Problems on Heat Transfer” wherein problems are solved using 4 software viz. Mathcad, EES, FEHT and EXCEL. This book, containing about 2750 pages, is presented in 9 parts and all the 9 parts can be downloaded for free from

He has also authored free e-books on Thermodynamics entitled “Basic Thermodynamics: Software Solutions” and “Applied Thermodynamics: Software Solutions” wherein problems are solved using 3 software viz. Mathcad, EES, and TEST. Each of these titles is presented in 5 parts and all the books can be downloaded for free from

He has also written and published three booklets entitled as follows:

  1. Towards Excellence…How to Study (A Guide book to Students)
  2. Towards Excellence…How to teach (A guide book to Teachers)
  3. Towards Excellence…Seminars, GD’s and Personal Interviews (A guide book to Professional and Management students)

Dr. M. Thirumaleshwar has attended several National and International conferences and has more than 50 publications to his credit.