This book is the fourth of seven books which introduces the basic principles of accounting. This book introduces accounting for current liabilities, such as, notes payable, contingent liabilities, and employer responsibilities related to payroll. Long-term obligations are introduced relating to long-term notes, present and future values, annuities, and bonds. Contractual commitments and capital leases are also discussed. Accounting for corporate equity, common and preferred stock, cash and stock dividends, stock splits, treasury stock, and the statement of stockholders’ equity are also presented.