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Applied Thermodynamics: Software Solutions


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Language:  English
This book contains three chapters, viz. Refrigeration cycles, Air compressors and Thermodynamic relations.
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This book is Part-III of the five-part series on “Applied Thermodynamics: Software Solutions”

This book contains three chapters, viz. Refrigeration cycles, Air compressors and Thermodynamic relations:

1. Under ‘Refrigeration cycles’, following cycles are analyzed: Ideal and actual vapour compression cycle, Ideal and actual reversed Brayton cycle (or, Bell Coleman cycle). Several useful Mathcad Functions are written for properties of Refrigerant- R134a in superheated and two-phase regions, which are used in solving problems. Also, useful Mathcad Functions are written to facilitate easy calculations for all these cycles. And, many useful Functions/Procedures are written in EES for different variations of ideal vapor compression refrigeration cycle.

2. Under ‘Air compressors’, reciprocating air compressors (both single stage and multi-stage) are analyzed. Formulas to calculate various parameters such as: volumetric efficiency, work required for actual compression, isothermal efficiency, minimum work required for two- stage (or multistage) compression with perfect inter-cooling etc. are presented.

3. Under ‘Thermodynamic relations’, relations are presented to calculate ‘Thermodynamic properties’ which are impossible or difficult to measure (such as: entropy, internal energy, enthalpy, Helmholtz function and Gibbs function), in terms of measurable quantities such as pressure, volume and temperature. Topics dealt with are: Maxwell’s equations, TdS equations, heat capacity relations, energy equations, Joule – Kelvin effect, Clausius - Clapeyron equation etc. which are practically important.

4. In these chapters, problems from University question papers and standard Text books are solved with Mathcad, EES and TEST.

  1. Refrigeration Cycles
    1. Definitions, Statements and Formulas used[1-7]
    2. Problems solved with Mathcad
    3. Problems solved with DUPREX (free software from DUPONT) [8]
    4. Problems solved with EES
    5. Problems solved with TEST
    6. References
  2. Air compressors
    1. Definitions, Statements and Formulas used[1-6]
    2. Problems solved with Mathcad
    3. Problems solved with EES
    4. References
  3. Thermodynamic relations
    1. Summary of Thermodynamic relations [1–6]
    2. Problems solved with Mathcad
    3. Problems solved with EES
    4. Problems solved with TEST
    5. References

Dr. M. Thirumaleshwar

Dr. M. Thirumaleshwar graduated in Mechanical Engineering from Karnataka Regional Engineering College, Surathkal, Karnataka, India, in the year 1965. He obtained M.Sc (cryogenis) from University of Southampton, U.K. and Ph.D. (cryogenics) from Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.

He is a Fellow of Institution of Engineers (India), Life Member, Indian Society for Technical Education, and a Foundation Fellow of Indian Cryogenics Council.

He has worked in India and abroad on large projects in the areas involving heat transfer, fluid flow, vacuum system design, cryo-pumping etc.

He worked as Head of Cryogenics Dept. in Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Bombay and Centre for Advanced Technology (CAT), Indore, from 1966 to 1992.

He worked as Guest Collaborator with Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory of Universities Research Association, in Dallas, USA from 1990 to 1993.

He also worked at the Institute of Cryogenics, Southampton, U.K. as a Visiting Research Fellow from 1993 to 1994.

He was Head of the Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Fr. Conceicao Rodrigues Institute of Technology, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, India for eight years.

He also worked as Head of Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Civil Engineering, and then as Principal, Vivekananda College of Engineering and Technology, Puttur (D.K.), India.

He was Professor and coordinator of Post-graduate program in the Dept. of Mechanical Engineering in St. Joseph Engineering College, Vamanjoor, Mangalore, India.

A book entitled “Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer” authored by him and published by M/s Pearson Education, India (2006) has been adopted as a Text book for third year engineering students by the Visweswaraya Technological University (V.T.U.), Belgaum, India.

He has authored a free e-book entitled “Software Solutions to Problems on Heat Transfer” wherein problems are solved using 4 software viz. Mathcad, EES, FEHT and EXCEL. This book, containing about 2750 pages, is presented in 9 parts and all the 9 parts can be downloaded for free from

He has also authored free e-books on Thermodynamics entitled “Basic Thermodynamics: Software Solutions” and “Applied Thermodynamics: Software Solutions” wherein problems are solved using 3 software viz. Mathcad, EES, and TEST. Each of these titles is presented in 5 parts and all the books can be downloaded for free from

He has also written and published three booklets entitled as follows:

  1. Towards Excellence…How to Study (A Guide book to Students)
  2. Towards Excellence…How to teach (A guide book to Teachers)
  3. Towards Excellence…Seminars, GD’s and Personal Interviews (A guide book to Professional and Management students)

Dr. M. Thirumaleshwar has attended several National and International conferences and has more than 50 publications to his credit.