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Basic Thermodynamics: Software Solutions Part III

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Language:  English
This is Part – III of the book: “Basic Thermodynamics: Software Solutions”.
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This is Part – III of the book: “Basic Thermodynamics: Software Solutions”.

Here, Second Law of Thermodynamics and Entropy are dealt with.

After explaining the concepts of Thermal reservoir, Heat Engine, Refrigerator and Heat Pump and their efficiency / coefficient of performance (COP) , two important statements of II Law, viz. Kelvin – Plank statement and Clausius statement are given. Carnot cycle, its efficiency etc are explained next.

Entropy, being an ‘abstract’ concept, is better studied by seeing how it is applied in the analysis of commonly encountered processes.

We study entropy changes for various processes involving pure substances, incompressible substances and ideal gases.

Entropy principle is used to analyze some practically important cases.

‘Entropy balance’ for various systems is studied.

Above topics are illustrated by solving several problems using Mathcad, EES and TEST software.

  1. Second Law of Thermodynamics
    1. Definitions, Statements and Formulas used [1,2,4]
    2. Problems solved with EES
    3. Problems solved with TEST
    4. References
  2. Entropy
    1. Definitions, Statements and Formulas used [1,2,4]
    2. Problems solved with EES
    3. Problems solved with MathCad
    4. Problems solved with The Expert System for Thermodynamics (TEST)
    5. References
About the Author

Dr. M. Thirumaleshwar

Dr. M. Thirumaleshwar graduated in Mechanical Engineering from Karnataka Regional Engineering College, Surathkal, Karnataka, India, in the year 1965. He obtained M.Sc (cryogenis) from University of Southampton, U.K. and Ph.D. (cryogenics) from Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.

He is a Fellow of Institution of Engineers (India), Life Member, Indian Society for Technical Education, and a Foundation Fellow of Indian Cryogenics Council.

He has worked in India and abroad on large projects in the areas involving heat transfer, fluid flow, vacuum system design, cryo-pumping etc.

He worked as Head of Cryogenics Dept. in Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Bombay and Centre for Advanced Technology (CAT), Indore, from 1966 to 1992.

He worked as Guest Collaborator with Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory of Universities Research Association, in Dallas, USA from 1990 to 1993.

He also worked at the Institute of Cryogenics, Southampton, U.K. as a Visiting Research Fellow from 1993 to 1994.

He was Head of the Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Fr. Conceicao Rodrigues Institute of Technology, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, India for eight years.

He also worked as Head of Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Civil Engineering, and then as Principal, Vivekananda College of Engineering and Technology, Puttur (D.K.), India.

He was Professor and coordinator of Post-graduate program in the Dept. of Mechanical Engineering in St. Joseph Engineering College, Vamanjoor, Mangalore, India.

A book entitled “Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer” authored by him and published by M/s Pearson Education, India (2006) has been adopted as a Text book for third year engineering students by the Visweswaraya Technological University (V.T.U.), Belgaum, India.

He has authored a free e-book entitled “Software Solutions to Problems on Heat Transfer” wherein problems are solved using 4 software viz. Mathcad, EES, FEHT and EXCEL. This book, containing about 2750 pages, is presented in 9 parts and all the 9 parts can be downloaded for free from

He has also authored free e-books on Thermodynamics entitled “Basic Thermodynamics: Software Solutions” and “Applied Thermodynamics: Software Solutions” wherein problems are solved using 3 software viz. Mathcad, EES, and TEST. Each of these titles is presented in 5 parts and all the books can be downloaded for free from

He has also written and published three booklets entitled as follows:

  1. Towards Excellence…How to Study (A Guide book to Students)
  2. Towards Excellence…How to teach (A guide book to Teachers)
  3. Towards Excellence…Seminars, GD’s and Personal Interviews (A guide book to Professional and Management students)

Dr. M. Thirumaleshwar has attended several National and International conferences and has more than 50 publications to his credit.