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112 pages

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English

The fundamentals of reaction engineering book covers the basic elements of chemical reactor design.

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The fundamentals of reaction engineering book covers the basic elements of chemical reactor design. Material and energy balances have been derived assuming simple flow patterns: perfect mixing and plug flow. Non-ideal flow is briefly discussed. Exothermic-reversible reactions have been discussed in the context of staged reactor systems. Heat and mass transfer to/from catalyst pellets has been introduced, emphasizing the formulation of global reaction rate expressions. Several different ways of modelling fixed bed catalytic reactors has been described. A companion volume presents worked examples.

- CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMICAL REACTOR DESIGN
- Introduction
- General mass balance for isothermal chemical reactors
- Mass balances for isothermal batch reactors
- Continuous operation: Tubular reactors & the plug fl ow assumption
- Continuous operation: Continuous stirred tank reactors & the perfect mixing assumption
- CSTR reactors in cascade
- The start-up/shutdown problem for a CSTR normally operating at steady state

- CHAPTER 2: REACTOR DESIGN FOR MULTIPLE REACTIONS
- Consecutive and parallel reactions
- Simple Consecutive reactions: Applications to reactor types
- Parallel reactions
- Effect of temperature on relative rates of parallel reactions
- How relative rates of reaction can affect the choice of chemical reactors
- Extents of reaction: definitions and simple applications

- CHAPTER 3: NON-ISOTHERMAL REACTORS
- Energy balance equations: Introduction
- Energy balance equations for CSTR reactors
- Multiplicity of steady states in non-isothermal CSTR’s
- Non-isothermal CSTR’s: The adiabatic operating line
- Mass & energy balances in tubular reactors

- CHAPTER 4: REVERSIBLE REACTIONS IN NON-ISOTHERMAL REACTORS
- Reversible reactions
- Reactor design for reversible endothermic reactions
- Reactor design for reversible exothermic reactions
- Reversible reactions: Conversions in a non-isothermal CSTR
- Reversible-exothermic reaction (?Hr < 0): “inter-stage cooling” and “cold-shot cooling”

- CHAPTER 5: EFFECT OF FLOW PATTERNS ON CONVERSION
- Introduction
- Discussing the plug fl ow assumption
- Defining residence time distributions
- Calculation of conversions from the residence time distribution

- CHAPTER 6: THE DESIGN OF FIXED BED CATALYTIC REACTORS-I
- Introduction
- Mass transport between the bulk fluid phase and external catalyst surfaces in isothermal reactors
- Defining effectiveness factors – for isothermal pellets
- Isothermal effectiveness factors
- Effectiveness factors for reaction rate orders other than unity
- Criteria for determining the signifi cance of intra-particle diffusion Resistances
- Simultaneous mass & energy transport from the bulk fluid phase to external catalyst surfaces
- Effectiveness factors for non-isothermal catalyst pellets

- CHAPTER 7: THE DESIGN OF FIXED BED CATALYTIC REACTORS-II
- Introduction
- “Pseudo-Homogeneous” FBCR models
- Elements of Column I in Table 7.1
- Two-dimensional FBCR models

- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
- REFERENCES