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395 pages

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English

This book is intended for use as the main textbook for an introductory course in CMOS analog integrated circuit design.

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Erik Bruun has been teaching analog electronics and CMOS integrated circuit design for more than 25 years at the Technical University of Denmark. From 1989 to 2016, Erik was a Professor in Analog Electronics and since 2016 he has continued his professional activities as a Professor Emeritus.

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Description

Content

This book is intended for use as the main textbook for an introductory
course in CMOS analog integrated circuit design. It is aimed at electronics
engineering students who have followed basic courses in mathematics, physics,
circuit theory, electronics and signal processing. It takes the students
directly from a basic level to a level where they can start working on simple
analog IC design projects or continue their studies using more advanced
textbooks in the field.

A distinct feature of this book is an emphasis on the interaction
between analytical methods and simulation methods. Whenever relevant, the
theoretical concepts are illustrated both through traditional mathematical
models and through circuit simulations using the universally accepted program
SPICE (Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis).

The material presented in this book has been adapted from material used
by the author for many years of teaching an introductory one-semester course (5
ECTS credits) in CMOS analog integrated circuit design at the Technical
University of Denmark.

A companion book about CMOS integrated circuit simulation with LTspice
is also available from bookboon, click here.

- Preface

- Chapter 1 – Introduction
- CMOS technology
- Why analog circuit design?
- Design methodology
- References
- Multiple-choice test

- Chapter 2 – Basic Concepts
- Signals
- Circuit elements
- Circuit theorems
- Circuit analysis
- References
- Multiple-choice test
- Problems

- Chapter 3 – The MOS Transistor
- Fundamentals of pn diodes
- Physical characteristics of the MOS transistor
- Electrical characteristics of the MOS transistor
- Examples of the use of the Shichman-Hodges transistor model
- Small-signal models
- Deriving a small-signal equivalent circuit from a large-signal schematic
- Advanced transistor models
- References
- Multiple-choice test
- Problems

- Chapter 4 – Basic Gain Stages
- The common-source stage at low frequencies
- The common-drain stage at low frequencies
- The common-gate stage and the cascode stage at low frequencies
- The differential pair at low frequencies
- Frequency response of the basic gain stages
- References
- Multiple-choice test
- Problems

- Chapter 5 – Multistage Amplifiers
- Cascode opamps5
- The two-stage opamp
- The two-stage opamp with feedback
- References
- Multiple-choice test
- Problems

- Chapter 6 – Feedback
- The basic feedback structure
- Advantages of feedback
- Feedback topologies
- The inverting amplifier
- Stability
- Frequency compensation
- References
- Multiple-choice test
- Problems

- Chapter 7 – The Two-Stage Opamp
- Specifications for a design example
- Bandwidth and stability requirements
- Bias point and transistor dimensions
- Design verification and iteration
- References
- Multiple-choice test
- Problems

- Chapter 8 – Bias Circuits, Bandgap References and Voltage Regulators
- Current mirrors
- Bias current circuits with reduced supply voltage dependency
- Bandgap voltage references
- Voltage regulators
- References
- Multiple-choice test
- Problems

- Chapter 9 – Essential Results and Equations
- Design methodology
- Device models, linear passive devices
- Device model, pn diode
- Small-signal models
- Device models, MOS transistors
- Basic gain stages at low frequency
- Frequency response of basic gain stages
- Feedback
- The two-stage opamp
- Current mirrors and current sources
- Bandgap reference principle
- Voltage regulators

- Appendix A – Answers to Multiple-Choice Tests
- Appendix B – Answers to End-of-Chapter Problems
- Appendix C – Transistor Models
- Index