CMOS Analog IC Design: Fundamentals

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370 pages
This book is intended for use as the main textbook for an introductory course in CMOS analog integrated circuit design.
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Erik Bruun has been teaching analog electronics and CMOS integrated circuit design for more than 25 years at the Technical University of Denmark. From 1989 to 2016, Erik was a Professor in Analog Electronics and since 2016 he has continued his professional activities as a Professor Emeritus.


This book is intended for use as the main textbook for an introductory course in CMOS analog integrated circuit design. It is aimed at electronics engineering students who have followed basic courses in mathematics, physics, circuit theory, electronics and signal processing. It takes the students directly from a basic level to a level where they can start working on simple analog IC design projects or continue their studies using more advanced textbooks in the field.
A distinct feature of this book is an emphasis on the interaction between analytical methods and simulation methods. Whenever relevant, the theoretical concepts are illustrated both through traditional mathematical models and through circuit simulations using the universally accepted program SPICE (Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis).
The material presented in this book has been adapted from material used by the author for many years of teaching an introductory one-semester course (5 ECTS credits) in CMOS analog integrated circuit design at the Technical University of Denmark.
A companion book about CMOS integrated circuit simulation with LTspice is also available from bookboon, click here.

  1. Preface
  2. Chapter 1 – Introduction
    1. CMOS technology 
    2. Why analog circuit design? 
    3. Design methodology 
    4. References 
  3. Chapter 2 – Basic Concepts 
    1. Signals 
    2. Circuit elements 
    3. Circuit theorems 
    4. Circuit analysis 
    5. References 
    6. Problems 
  4. Chapter 3 – The MOS Transistor 
    1. Fundamentals of pn diodes 
    2. Physical characteristics of the MOS transistor
    3. Electrical characteristics of the MOS transistor
    4. Examples of the use of the Shichman-Hodges transistor model
    5. Small-signal models 
    6. Deriving a small-signal equivalent circuit from a large-signal schematic 
    7. Advanced transistor models 
    8. References 
    9. Problems 
  5. Chapter 4 – Basic Gain Stages
    1. The common-source stage at low frequencies
    2. The common-drain stage at low frequencies 
    3. The common-gate stage and the cascode stage at low frequencies 
    4. The differential pair at low frequencies 
    5. Frequency response of the basic gain stages 
    6. References
    7. Problems 
  6. Chapter 5 – Multistage Amplifiers
    1. Cascode opamps
    2. The two-stage opamp 
    3. The two-stage opamp with feedback
    4. References 
    5. Problems 
  7. Chapter 6 – Feedback 
    1. The basic feedback structure 
    2. Advantages of feedback 
    3. Feedback topologies
    4. The inverting amplifier 
    5. Stability 
    6. Frequency compensation 
    7. References 
    8. Problems 
  8. Chapter 7 – The Two-Stage Opamp 
    1. Specifications for a design example 
    2. Bandwidth and stability requirements 
    3. Bias point and transistor dimensions
    4. Design verification and iteration 
    5. References 
    6. Problems 
  9. Chapter 8 – Bias Circuits, Bandgap References and Voltage Regulators 
    1. Current mirrors 
    2. Bias current circuits with reduced supply voltage dependency 
    3. Bandgap voltage references 
    4. Voltage regulators 
    5. References 
    6. Problems 
  10. Chapter 9 – Essential Results and Equations 
    1. Design methodology 
    2. Circuit analysis 
    3. Device models, linear passive devices 
    4. Device model, pn diode 
    5. Small-signal models 
    6. Device models, MOS transistors 
    7. Basic gain stages at low frequency 
    8. Frequency response of basic gain stages 
    9. Feedback 
    10. The two-stage opamp 
    11. Current mirrors and current sources 
    12. Bandgap reference principle 
    13. Voltage regulators 
  11. Appendix – Answers to End-of-Chapter Problems 
  12. Index