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Water Resource Management

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Language:  English
At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the Earth is facing a serious water crisis...
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At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the Earth is facing a serious water crisis. The sector is plagued by a chronic lack of political support, poor governance and underinvestment. Hundreds of millions of people remain trapped in poverty and ill health and exposed to the risk of water-related disasters, environmental degradation and even political instability and conflict. This is especially the case in sub-Saharan Africa, a region on which this text is mainly focused.

The crisis appears to be more a crisis of governance than of resources, and societies are facing a number of social, economic and political challenges on how to govern water more effectively.

  • List of Abbreviations and Acronyms
  • List of Plates
  • Introduction
  1. The global water crisis
    1. The global water crisis in figures
    2. Increased global water stress
    3. Global climate change
    4. Tasks
  2. Science of Water
    1. General physical and chemical properties of water
    2. Global water
    3. Freshwater use
    4. Water pollution
    5. Urban water supply and purification of potable water
    6. Drains, waste water and sewage treatment
    7. Tasks
  3. Water Governance and Water Policy Issues
    1. Water Governance
    2. Hydropolitics
    3. Tasks
  4. Water, Sustainability and Development
    1. General definition of sustainability
    2. Sustainable development and its applications to rural water supply in developing countries
    3. Gender, water and sanitation
    4. Inadvertent impacts on hydrological processes
    5. Large dams and impounding reservoirs
    6. Tasks
  5. Methods and Techniques for Water Management
    1. Integrated Water Resource Management (lWRM)
    2. Methods of testing the water quality
    3. Tasks
  6. Water and economics
    1. ‘Value’ of water
    2. Global financing of water supply
    3. The role of water in public-private-partnership (PPP)
    4. The role of water in cost recovery
    5. Water pricing
    6. Governance of water
    7. Targeting water valuation
    8. Conclusion
    9. Tasks
  7. Management for sustainability
    1. Rural water supply and sanitation in sub-Saharan Africa
    2. Operation and maintenance: making water supply and sanitation a sustainable reality
    3. Tasks
  8. Other case Studies from within SADC
    1. Case study: Water policy in Zambia
    2. Case study: Cuvelai Basin in Namibia
    3. Tasks
  9. List of References
  10. Plates
  • Endnotes

About the Author

Walter Lükenga

Prof. Walter Lükenga studied Geography and English Language and Literature at the University of Münster, Germany, obtaining his PhD in 1971. From 1971 to 1975, he worked as a teacher at the secondary school level. He then joined the University of Osnabrück, Germany as a Junior Lecturer. In 1985, he became a Senior Lecturer and in 1994 an Associate Professor for Physical Geography. In 2000, he took up the post as a full Professor of Physical Geography, and has been retired since 2007.

His main fields of interest are water related problems in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in Malawi, where he worked in 2000 as a guest professor. Since then, Prof. Lükenga has continued to supervise master and doctoral students and conduct Geographical excursions in that area.