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Long-Term Assets

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Language:  English
This book is the third of seven books which introduces the basic principles of accounting.
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This book is the third of seven books which introduces the basic principles of accounting. This book focuses on investments intended to be held for greater than one year. It introduces accounting for investments (available for sale, trading, and held to maturity), as well as, special accounting for certain long-term investments. Readers will learn the accounting for property, plant, and equipment, and depreciation methodology and terminology. Accounting for the disposal of property, plant, and equipment, asset exchanges, impairments, natural resource accounting and depletion concepts are also presented in this book.

  1. Part 1. Long-Term Investments
  2. Intent-Based Accounting
    1. The Fair Value Measurement Option
  3. Available for Sale Securities
    1. Other Comprehensive Income
    2. An Illustration
    3. Alternative: A Valuation Adjustments Account
    4. Dividends and Interest
    5. The Balance Sheet Appearance
  4. Held to Maturity Securities
    1. The Issue Price
    2. Recording the Initial Investments
    3. Illustration of Bonds Purchased at Par
    4. Illustration of Bonds Purchased at a Premium
    5. Illustration of Bonds Purchased at a Discount
  5. The Equity Method of Accounting
  6. Investments Requiring Consolidation
    1. Economic Entity Concept and Control
    2. Accounting Issues
    3. Goodwill
    4. The Consolidated Balance Sheet
    5. The Consolidated Income Statement
  7. Part 2. Property, Plant and Equipment
  8. What Costs are Included in Property, Plant and Equipment
    1. Cost to Assign to Items of Property, Plant and Equipment
    2. Interest Cost
    3. Training Costs
    4. A Distinction Between Land and Land Improvements
    5. Lump-Sum Acquisitions
    6. Professional Judgment
    7. Materiality Considerations
  9. Equipment Leases
  10. Service Life and Cost Allocation
  11. Depreciation Methodology
    1. Many Methods
    2. Some Important Terminology
  12. The Straight-Line Method
    1. Fractional Period Depreciation
    2. Spreadsheet Software
  13. The Units-of-Output Method
  14. The Double-Declining Balance Method
    1. Spreadsheet Software
    2. Fractional Period Depreciation
    3. Alternatives to DDB
  15. The Sum-of-the-Years’-Digits Method
    1. Spreadsheet Software
    2. Fractional Period Depreciation
    3. Changes in Estimates
  16. Tax Laws
  17. Advanced PP&E Issues/ Natural Resources/Intangibles
  18. PP&E Costs Subsequent to Asset Acquisition
    1. Restoration and Improvement
  19. Disposal of PP&E
  20. Accounting for Asset Exchanges
    1. Commercial Substance
    2. Recording the Initial Investments
    3. Boot
    4. Exchanges Lacking Commercial Substance
  21. Assets Impairment
    1. Taking a “Big Bath”
  22. Natural Resources
    1. Depletion Calculations
    2. Equipment Used to Extract Natural Resources
  23. Intangibles
    1. An Amortization Example
    2. An Impairment Example
    3. Some Specific Intangibles
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About the Authors

Christopher J. Skousen

Chris Skousen, Ph.D. is a Professor and Head of the School of Accountancy at Utah State University. He obtained his Ph.D. at Oklahoma State University and earned MBA and BA degrees from Utah State University. Dr. Skousen gained public accounting auditing experience with KPMG in their Portland, Oregon office, and as an intern in their in Düsseldorf, Germany office, and at Squire & Co. Dr. Skousen has taught accounting at Utah State University, The University of Texas at Arlington, Oklahoma State University, and Brigham Young University-Idaho. He has published in Accounting Horizons, Behavior Research in Accounting, Issues in Accounting Education, Accounting and the Public Interest, and other journals.


Larry M. Walther

Larry Walther, Ph.D., CPA, CMA, is the EY Professor of Accounting and Senior Associate Dean of the Jon M. Huntsman School of Business at Utah State University. Dr. Walther has authored numerous books and articles on accounting, and he has served as director and/or consultant to a number of public and nonpublic companies. Dr. Walther earned his Ph.D. in accounting from Oklahoma State University and has public accounting experience with the audit firm of Ernst & Young. He is past President of the Federation of Schools of Accountancy and served on the Accounting Accreditation Committee of the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB). Dr. Walther is the 2013 recipient of the prestigious Joseph A. Silvoso Faculty Merit Award from the Federation of Schools of Accountancy.