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Innovation and Small Business - Volume 2

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Language:  English
This second volume considers industrial settings and essentially attempts to apply the theory considered in volume one.
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Preface
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This second volume considers industrial settings and essentially attempts to apply the theory considered in volume one. Furthermore, this volume recognizes the contributions of small firms to these industries, firmly establishing the pivotal role they play in future economic development and prosperity. This is achieved by investigating a number of industries such as agri-food, health, energy, construction and heritage. In particular there is consideration of innovative and sustainable solutions, the assessment of research and development, technology and multimedia knowledge management systems.

On the global stage small businesses are represented in many different communities. At a UK and EU level small businesses are defined as having 10-50 employees and offer considerable scope for innovation and productivity. Additionally, the European Union Research and Advisory Board (EURAB, 2004) has provided a helpful typology in terms of the amount of R&D that is undertaken. Four basic categories provide insight into the level of use and the extent of R&D that is conducted. A basic category of some seventy percent of small businesses undertake little or no R&D; about twenty percent are technology adopting adapting existing technologies as low innovative businesses; less than ten percent combine or develop existing technologies at an innovative level; and less than three percent are involved in high level research. The distinctive characteristics of, and pathways into, leading technology users as they attain a critical market edge therefore require identification.

Small businesses that are early adopters of more advanced technology applications tend to be more entrepreneurial in their growth strategies and core opinion formers in their networks (Cohen and Levinthal, 1990; Zahra and George, 2002; Gray, 2006). They are likely to conduct more research and R&D or adapt technological applications to their requirements than other small businesses. It is therefore hoped that this second volume will provide a greater understanding of these innovation dynamics for small businesses in industrial settings.

  1. Introduction
  2. Agri Food - Innovative and Sustainable Solutions
  3. Health – Assessing Research and Development in Health sector small companies
  4. Energy - Sustainable Energy through Research and Development
  5. Construction – Innovation, Technology and Small Construction Enterprises
  6. Museums and Small Memory Institutions – Multimedia Knowledge Management Systems
  7. Conclusions
  8. References
    1. Chapter 1: Introduction
    2. Chapter 2: Agri Food - Innovative and Sustainable Solutions
    3. Chapter 3: Health – Assessing Research and Development in Health sector small companies
    4. Chapter 4: Energy - Sustainable Energy through Research and Development 100
    5. Chapter 5: Construction – Innovation, Technology and Small Construction Enterprises
    6. Chapter 6: Museums and Small Memory Institutions – Multimedia Knowledge Management Systems
    7. Chapter 7: Conclusions
  9. About the Contributors
  10. Index
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About the Authors

Christopher Miller

Brychan Thomas is a Senior Research Fellow in Small Business and Innovation at the University of Glamorgan Business School. His main research interests lie in innovation and small business, SMEs and technology transfer networks, technology transfer and internet adoption in the agri-food industry, higher education spinout enterprises, and science communication and education. As such he has been involved in a number of projects examining technology transfer and small firms in Wales. He has a science degree and an MSc in the Social Aspects of Science and Technology from the Technology Policy Unit at Aston University and a PhD in Science and Technology Policy, CNAA/University of Glamorgan. He has produced over 290 publications in the area of science communication, innovation and small business policy, including the books “Triple Entrepreneurial Connection” and “E-Commerce Adoption and Small Business in the Global Marketplace: Tools for Optimization”, and is on the Editorial Advisory and Review Board of the International Journal of E-Business Management, the Editorial Review Board of the International Journal of E-Entrepreneurship and Innovation and the Editorial Advisory Board of IMJ – International Management Journals. During the academic year 2008/2009 he was on secondment as a Fellow of the Advanced Institute of Management at the Centre for Technology Management, University of Cambridge.

Christopher Miller is a Principal Lecturer in Small Business Management at the University of Glamorgan Business School. He is also scheme leader for the MSc International Business and Enterprise at the Glamorgan Business School. Dr. Miller’s areas of expertise include Small Business Management, Innovation Generation, Business Planning, Business Growth and Enterprise Education. He has more than 30 research papers published in international refereed journals and some 30 published conference proceedings papers. He is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and a member of the Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship.

Lyndon Murphy originates from Ystrad, in the Rhondda Valley, South Wales. He was educated at Tonypandy Grammar School and the University College of Wales Aberystwyth. He is currently an Academic Leader at Newport Business School. In collaboration with Jo Jones and Huw Swayne, Lyndon has published several journal articles and conference papers in ebusiness. Further, he has worked with the Welsh Assembly Government to develop case studies exploring the impact of broadband accessibility on Welsh business performance. Lyndon’s current research interests focus upon innovation policy in Wales. This research evaluates both business and social innovation policy outcomes.

Lyndon Murphy

Brychan Thomas is a Senior Research Fellow in Small Business and Innovation at the University of Glamorgan Business School. His main research interests lie in innovation and small business, SMEs and technology transfer networks, technology transfer and internet adoption in the agri-food industry, higher education spinout enterprises, and science communication and education. As such he has been involved in a number of projects examining technology transfer and small firms in Wales. He has a science degree and an MSc in the Social Aspects of Science and Technology from the Technology Policy Unit at Aston University and a PhD in Science and Technology Policy, CNAA/University of Glamorgan. He has produced over 290 publications in the area of science communication, innovation and small business policy, including the books “Triple Entrepreneurial Connection” and “E-Commerce Adoption and Small Business in the Global Marketplace: Tools for Optimization”, and is on the Editorial Advisory and Review Board of the International Journal of E-Business Management, the Editorial Review Board of the International Journal of E-Entrepreneurship and Innovation and the Editorial Advisory Board of IMJ – International Management Journals. During the academic year 2008/2009 he was on secondment as a Fellow of the Advanced Institute of Management at the Centre for Technology Management, University of Cambridge.

Christopher Miller is a Principal Lecturer in Small Business Management at the University of Glamorgan Business School. He is also scheme leader for the MSc International Business and Enterprise at the Glamorgan Business School. Dr. Miller’s areas of expertise include Small Business Management, Innovation Generation, Business Planning, Business Growth and Enterprise Education. He has more than 30 research papers published in international refereed journals and some 30 published conference proceedings papers. He is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and a member of the Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship.

Lyndon Murphy originates from Ystrad, in the Rhondda Valley, South Wales. He was educated at Tonypandy Grammar School and the University College of Wales Aberystwyth. He is currently an Academic Leader at Newport Business School. In collaboration with Jo Jones and Huw Swayne, Lyndon has published several journal articles and conference papers in ebusiness. Further, he has worked with the Welsh Assembly Government to develop case studies exploring the impact of broadband accessibility on Welsh business performance. Lyndon’s current research interests focus upon innovation policy in Wales. This research evaluates both business and social innovation policy outcomes.

Dr Brychan Thomas

Dr. Brychan Thomas is a Senior Research Fellow at the Lord Ashcroft International Business School, Anglia Ruskin University, and a Doctoral Supervisor in Entrepreneurship and Innovation at the University of Gloucestershire and the University of South Wales Business School. He is also an Examiner for the International Baccalaureate Business and Management Diploma. Before retiring in October 2012 he was Reader in Innovation Policy at Glamorgan Business School, University of Glamorgan.

His main research interests lie in innovation and small business, SMEs and technology transfer networks, technology transfer and internet adoption in the agri-food industry, higher education spinout enterprises, and science communication and education. As such he has been involved in a number of projects examining technology transfer and small firms. He has a science degree and an MSc in the Social Aspects of Science and Technology from the Technology Policy Unit at Aston University and a PhD in Science and Technology Policy, CNAA/University of Glamorgan.

He has over 350 publications in the areas of Science Communication, Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Small Business including 100 refereed journal articles. His books include “Triple Entrepreneurial Connection: College, Government and Industry” (2000), co-editor “E-Commerce Adoption and Small Business in the Global Marketplace: Tools for Optimization” (2010), “Innovation and Small Business”, Volumes 1 and 2 (2011) and recently co-editor of “Academic Working Lives: Experience, Practice and Change” (2014). He is on the Editorial Advisory and Review Board of the International Journal of E-Business Management, the Editorial Review Board of the International Journal of E-Entrepreneurship and Innovation and the Editorial Advisory Board of IMJ – International Management Journals. During the academic year 2008/2009 he was on a research secondment at the Centre for Technology Management, University of Cambridge.

Brychan is a Fellow of the College of Teachers and a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and is Chair of the International Entrepreneurship track for the Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship 2013 Conference in Cardiff.