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Anthracite Coals: An Overview

Language:  English
The book covers anthracite production as well as its use in power generation. Other aspects covered include carbonisation, gasification, metallurgical use, briquetting and domestic heating.
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The book is comprehensive, dealing first with reserves of anthracite and with related petrography. Culm – anthracite waste – features frequently in the book. Actual and projected anthracite mining are discussed in turn and exploration also has its due place. As would be expected, power generation has major coverage as do gasification and carbonisation. Coal-bed methane production from anthracite is described, and anthracite in calcined form is covered as well as anthracite in briquetted form. Use of anthracite in the metals industry follows with some emphasis on anthracite as an alternative to coke. Non-thermal application of anthracites as filters and adsorbents then features, and later there is a return to the thermal theme when co-combustion processes and oxy-fuel processes involving anthracite are quantitatively explained. The book moves on to carbon products from anthracites, anthracite-water and anthracite-oil combinations and hazards (spontaneous heating and dust explosions) with anthracites. The remainder of the book is concerned with domestic use and with ashes and slags. There is a very vivid illustration as an appendix.

  1. Major deposits in current or recent use
    1. Preamble
    2. Major reserves
    3. Use of imported anthracite
    4. Anthracite culm
    5. Petrographic aspects
    6. Hardness
    7. Historical facets
    8. Some current exploration and development projects
    9. Further remarks
    10. References
  2. Use in Power Generation
    1. Preamble
    2. Anthracite-using power plants
    3. Concluding remarks
    4. References
  3. Gasification and Carbonisation
    1. Examples of past, present or proposed gasification of anthracites
    2. Coal bed methane (CBM) from anthracite
    3. Carbonisation
    4. Further remarks
    5. References
  4. Anthracite briquettes and calcined anthracite
    1. Introduction
    2. Examples
    3. Calcined anthracite
    4. Further remarks
    5. References
  5. Anthracite in the metals industry
    1. Introduction
    2. Metallurgical applications
    3. Further metallurgical applications
    4. References
  6. Filtration and adsorption applications
    1. Household water treatment
    2. Other applications
    3. Further remarks
    4. References
  7. Application to carbon capture and sequestration
    1. Literature survey
    2. Further comments
    3. References
  8. Co-combustion processes involving anthracite
    1. Introduction
    2. Examples
    3. Co-firing with biomass
    4. Concluding remarks
    5. References
  9. Anthracite in oxy-fuel combustion
    1. Examples
    2. Further remarks
    3. References
  10. Carbon products from anthracites
    1. Graphene
    2. Carbon fibres
    3. Graphitisation
    4. Silicon carbide nanowires
    5. Military use
    6. Further remarks
    7. References
  11. Anthracite-water and anthracite-oil combinations
    1. Anthracite-water
    2. Anthracite-oil
    3. Further information
    4. References
  12. Hazards with anthracites
    1. The intrinsic reactivity of anthracite towards oxygen
    2. Spontaneous heating
    3. The fire at Centralia PA
    4. Dust explosions
    5. Concluding remarks
    6. References
  13. Anthracite in domestic fireplaces
    1. Introduction
    2. Current usage
    3. Further information
    4. References
  14. Anthracite ashes and slags
    1. Blast furnace slag and electric arc furnace slag
    2. Fly ash
    3. References
About the Author

Prof. Dr J. Clifford Jones