3D video provides us the sensation of depth by adding a depth dimension to already existing 2D video. This provides the users, improved quality of experience (QoE), natural viewing conditions and a supportive platform for human interaction. On the other hand, 3D video in medical applications (e.g., robotic surgery, minimal invasive surgery (MIS)) could improve the diagnosis and accuracy of surgical procedures. However, the demand for resources (e.g., a large storage and high bandwidth for communication) is hindering the deployment of 3D video applications into a wider market. This book elaborates on the major components of end-to-end 3D video communication chain and discusses the current issues and potential solutions using existing technologies and infrastructures. The main topics covered in this book are different 3D-video formats, 3D video capture technologies, 3D video encoding methods, 3D video transmission approaches, and 3D video quality evaluation aspects.