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Managerial and Cost Accounting

Managerial and Cost Accounting
4.2 (34 reviews) Read reviews
ISBN: 978-87-7681-491-5
1 edition
Pages : 130
Price: Free

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This book is the sixth of seven books which introduces the basic principles of accounting.

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About the book

  1. Description
  2. Content
  3. About the Author
  4. Embed
  5. Reviews


This book is the sixth of seven books which introduces the basic principles of accounting. This book introduces managerial accounting, with a primary focus on internal business reporting, decision making, planning, strategy, budgets, and cost control. Cost-volume-profit analysis, variable cost, fixed costs, mixed costs are introduced. Break-even analysis, contributions margin, target income calculations, and sensitivity analysis are all discussed in detail. In addition, product costs, job costing, process costing, and activity-based costing are introduced.


Part 1. Introduction to Managerial Accounting

1. Managerial Accounting
1.1 Professional Certifi cations in Management Accounting

2. Planning, Directing, and Controlling
2.1 Decision Making
2.2 Planning
2.3 Strategy
2.4 Positioning
2.5 Budgets
2.6 Directing
2.6.1 Costing
2.6.2 Production
2.6.3 Analysis
2.7 Controlling
2.7.1 Monitor
2.7.2 Scorecard

3. Cost Components

4. Product Versus Period Costs
4.1 Period Costs

5. Financial Statement Issues that are Unique to Manufacturers
5.1 Schedule of Raw Materials
5.2 Schedule of Work in Process
5.3 Schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured
5.4 Schedule of Cost of Goods Sold
5.5 The Income Statement
5.6 Reviewing Cost of Flow Concepts for a Manufacturer
5.7 Critical Thinking About Cost Flow

Part 2. Cost-Volume-Profi t and Business Scalability

6. Cost Behavior
6.1 The Nature of Costs
6.2 Variable Costs
6.3 Fixed Costs
6.4 Business Implications of the Fixed Cost Structure
6.5 Economies of Scale
6.6 Dialing in Your Business Model

7. Cost Behavior Analysis
7.1 Mixed Costs
7.2 High-Low Method
7.3 Method of Least Squares
7.4 Recap

8. Break-Even and Target Income
8.1 Contribution Margin
8.2 Contribution Margin: Aggregated, per Unit, or Ratio?
8.3 Graphic Presentation
8.4 Break-Even Calculations
8.5 Target Income Calculations
8.6 Critical Thinking About CVP

9. Sensitivity Analysis
9.1 Changing Fixed Costs
9.2 Changing Variable Costs
9.3 Blended Cost Shifts
9.4 Per Unit Revenue Shifts
9.5 Margin Beware
9.6 Margin Mathematics

10. CVP for Multiple Products
10.1 Multiple Products, Selling Costs, and Margin Management

11. Assumptions of CVP

Part 3. Job Costing and Modern Cost Management Systems

12. Basic Job Costing Concepts
12.1 Cost Data Determination
12.2 Conceptualizing Job Costing
12.3 Tracking Direct Labor
12.4 Tracking Direct Materials
12.5 Tracking Overhead
12.6 Job Cost Sheets
12.7 Expanding the Illustration
12.8 Another Expansion of the Illustration
12.9 Database Versus Spreadsheets
12.10 Moving Beyond the Conceptual Level

13. Information Systems for the Job Costing Environment
13.1 Direct Material
13.2 Direct Labor
13.3 Overhead and Cost Drivers

14. Tracking Job Cost Within the Corporate Ledger
14.1 Direct Material
14.2 Direct Labor
14.3 Applied Factory Overhead
14.4 Overview
14.5 Financial Statement Impact Scenarios
14.6 Cost Flows to the Financial Statements
14.7 Subsidiary Accounts
14.8 Global Trade and Transfers

15. Accounting for Actual and Applied Overhead
15.1 The Factory Overhead Account
15.2 Actual Overhead
15.3 The Balance of Factory Overhead
15.4 Underapplied Overhead
15.5 Overapplied Overhead
15.6 Infl uence of Gaap

16. Job Costing in Service, Not For-Profi t, and Governmental Environments
16.1 The Service Sector
16.2 Capacity Utilization

17. Modern Management of Costs and Quality
17.1 Global Competition
17.2 Kaizen
17.3 Lean Manufacturing
17.4 Just in Time Inventory
17.5 Total Quality Management
17.6 Six Sigma
17.7 Reflection on Modern Cost Management

Part 4. Process Costing and Activity-Based Costing

18. Process Costing
18.1 Process Costing
18.2 Comparing Job and Process Costing
18.3 Introduction to the Cost of Production Report
18.4 Job Costing Flows
18.5 Process Costing Flows
18.6 Job Costing Flows on Job Cost Sheets
18.7 Process Costing Flows on Cost of Production Reports

19. Equivalent Units
19.1 Factors of Production
19.2 An Illustration of Equivalent Units Calculations
19.3 Cost per Equivalent Unit

20. Cost Allocation to Completed Units and Units in Process
20.1 Cost of Production Report
20.2 Journal Entries
20.3 Subsequent Departments
20.4 The Big Picture
20.5 FIFO Process Costing

21. Activity-Based Costing
21.1 Pros of ABC
21.2 Cons of ABC
21.3 The Reality of ABC
21.4 A Closer Look at ABC Concepts
21.5 The Steps to Implement ABC
21.6 A Simple Analogy
21.7 A Case Study in ABC
21.8 Study Process and Costs
21.9 Identify Activities
21.10 Determine Traceable Costs and Allocation Rates
21.11 Assign Costs to Activities
21.12 Determine Per-Activity Allocation Rates
21.13 Apply Costs to Cost Objects
21.14 What Just Happened?
21.15 A Great Tool, But not a Panacea

About the Author

Larry M. Walther, Ph.D., CPA, CMA, is the Ernst & Young Professor and Head of the School of Accountancy at Utah State University. Dr. Walther has authored numerous accounting textbooks and articles, and has served as director and/or consultant to a number to a number of public and nonpublic companies. Dr. Walther obtained his Ph.D. in accounting from Oklahoma State University and has public accounting experience with Ernst & Young. He currently serves as the accounting accreditation committee of the AACSB and is past president for the federation of schools of accountancy.

Dr. Chris Skousen obtained his Ph.D. at Oklahoma State University. He earned MBA and BA degrees from Utah State University. Dr. Skousen gained public accounting auditing experience with KPMG in their Portland, Oregon office, and as an intern in their in Düsseldorf, Germany office, and at Squire & Co. Dr. Skousen has taught accounting at Utah State University, The University of Texas at Arlington, Oklahoma State University, and Brigham Young University-Idaho. He has published in Accounting Horizons, Behavior Research in Accounting, Accounting and the Public Interest, and other journals.


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