Globalization is a leading concept which has become the main factor in business life during the last few decades. This phenomenon affects the economy, business life, society and environment in different ways, and almost all corporations have been affected by these changes. These changes are mostly related to increasing competition and the rapid changes of technology and information transfer. To challenge these changes, companies need to keep in mind various aspects of the main effects of globalization.
Globalization leads to increased competition. This competition can be related to product and service cost and price, target market, technological adaptation, quick response, quick production by companies etc. When a company produces with less cost and sells cheaper, it is able to increase its market share.
Customers have a large multitude of choices in the market and this affects their behaviors: they want to acquire goods and services quickly and in a more efficient way than before. They also expect high quality and low prices. All these expectations need a response from the company, otherwise sales of company will decrease and they will lose profit and market share. A company must always be ready for price, product and service and customer preferences because all of these are global market requirements.
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Exchange of Technology
One of the most striking manifestations of globalization is the use of new technologies by entrepreneurial and internationally oriented firms to exploit new business opportunities. Internet and e-commerce procedures hold particular potential for SMEs seeking to broaden their involvement into new international markets.
Technology is also one of the main tools of competition and the quality of goods and services. On the other hand it necessitates quite a lot of cost for the company. The company has to use the latest technology for increasing their sales and product quality. Globalization has increased the speed of technology transfer and technological improvement. Customer expectations are directing markets. Mostly companies in capital intensive markets are at risk and that is why they need quick/rapid adapting concerning the customer/market expectations. These companies have to have efficient technology management and efficient R&D management.
Information is a most expensive and valuable production factor in the current environment. Information can be easily transferred and exchanged from one country to another. If a company have a chance to use knowledge and information then it means that it can adapt to this global changing. This issue is similar with the technology transfer issue in global markets. The rapid changing of the market requires also quick transfer of knowledge and efficient using of that knowledge and information.
If you want to find out about other effects and aspects of globalization, read “Corporate Social Responsibility: Part II” by David Crowther and Güler Aras.
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