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Statistical Thermodynamics and Spectroscopy

Statistical Thermodynamics and Spectroscopy
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ISBN: 978-87-403-1122-8
1 edition
Pages : 92
  • Price: 129.00 kr
  • Price: €13.99
  • Price: £13.99
  • Price: ₹250
  • Price: $13.99
  • Price: 129.00 kr
  • Price: 129.00 kr

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About the book

  1. Description
  2. Content
  3. About the Author

Description

Classical thermodynamics provides a phenomenological approach towards energy transfer, phase equilibria and chemical equilibria. As a macroscopic approach, it is not related to the microscopic properties of matter (atoms, molecules). These microscopic properties of matter, on the other hand, have to be described using quantum chemistry. Here, statistical thermodynamics provides the connection between the macroscopic physicochemical quantities addressed in classical thermodynamics, and the microscopic quantum chemical description of matter. To calculate the properties of molecules as predicted by quantum chemistry, on the other hand, we need certain input parameters such as the chemical bond strengths or chemical bond lengths, quantities which can experimentally be determined by optical spectroscopy. This booklet tries to provide an overview on this topic, organized in three separate chapters: statistical thermodynamics, optical spectroscopy, and group theory/symmetry analysis.

Content

  1. Statistical thermodynamics
    1. The Boltzmann statistics
    2. Calculation of molecular partition functions
    3. The molecular partition function and macroscopic thermodynamic properties
    4. Heat capacities of gases, and characteristic temperatures
    5. Statistical thermodynamics and chemical equilibrium
  2. Optical spectroscopy
    1. Mathematical background – complex numbers
    2. Principles of spectroscopy
    3. Quantum mechanical treatment of spectroscopy
    4. Optical spectroscopic methods
  3. Group theory
    1. C2v – a simple example to introduce the concept
    2. The point group C3v
    3. Td
    4. Group theory and excitation of molecular electronic transitions, e.g. C2v

About the Author

Wolfgang Schaertl was born in 1964 in Celle/Germany. He studied Chemistry at Mainz University from 1984 until 1989, and received his PhD in Chemistry in 1992 for his thesis on video microscopy of fluorescent nanoparticles, and Brownian dynamics computer simulations. As a post-doc, he joined the Hashimoto ERATO project in Kyoto/Japan, where he investigated the structure and dynamics of copolymer micelles in polymer melts. In 1995 he went to Manfred Schmidt at the University of Mainz as a research fellow, where he finished his ‘‘habilitation’’ in 2001 with a thesis on functional core–shell nanoparticles. Since 2005 Wolfgang Schaertl has held a permanent position as lecturer and researcher at Mainz University, Germany. His current research interests include light scattering characterization of nanoparticles, and rheological studies of natural polymer gels (gelatin etc.). Wolfgang Schaertl has published more than 50 refereed publications in international journals, including two frequently cited review papers on nanoparticles. In addition, he has written a textbook about light scattering characterization of polymers and nanoparticles in 2007. Wolfgang Schaertl gives several lectures in Physical Chemistry per term at Mainz University for more than 10 years, covering the whole curriculum in Physical Chemistry for the Bachelor of Education and the Master of Education degrees at Mainz University. Finally, he has also offered many seminars about the theoretical background of the basic and advanced practical courses in Physical Chemistry for the Bachelor of Science.

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